Mar 12, 2019 in Sociology
Human Freedom

The greatest philosopher of the world Aristotle states that the purpose of life of each human being is happiness. Modern naturalists claim the emergence of a human being was a result of the evolution of animals. Therefore, the first contradiction that emerged in the world’s philosophy was how a representative of the wild life, for example, an ape, could turn into a human being. It was stated and explained by Darwin, who, at that time, cast doubt on the whole philosophical science based on religious studies. Therefore, various atheist studies emerged, but nobody has created a human being from an ape or other animal under the sole reason because of it is doomed to failure and is considered a sin. Of course, some scholars made attempts to clone animals, create new sorts of plants or breeds with the help of artificial selections. At the same time, one should keep in mind some human peculiarities: the ability to make bread and wine (the first products of human labor), creation of language (to read and write thoughts with the help of letters), and belief in God. As a matter of fact, labor, language, and belief are the major evidences of the existence of mind in human beings. Moreover, nobody can agree that any human being would gain happiness without mind. Therefore, some philosophers consider consciousness the major peculiarity of a human being, which proves the rightness of the theological approach to the philosophical science. 

The goal of the paper is to analyze the existence of mind and its role from the Christian point of view. Human beings have mind, and Christianity proves them to possess free will. At the same time, human beings can impact each other and make some individuals completely submissive to their wills. They can predict some events in the future, warn individuals about accidents, but they cannot avert them because God exists and prohibits doing it. It is possible because of the existence of human mind.

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According to the Christian philosophy, each human being is free to think, act, and form his or her own opinion concerning events in the life. As Christian philosophers state, it was distinguished by the tragic death of the son of God, Jesus Christ, on the cross. He was a victim for the sake of the humanity to liberate a will of each human being. Therefore, each individual had the opportunity to act according to his or her consciousness. At the same time, Christian philosophy developed special moral norms, which were considered the Christian virtues. If an individual observed them, he would be considered as a good Christian who lived under the Law of the Lord. According to it, each Christian was forbidden to kill persons, lie, steal, lead a deprived life and so on. As a matter of fact, all these actions are condemned in each country and considered crimes. According to Christianity, God knows all thoughts and actions of each individual and will judge him or her after the death. As Christian philosophers state, a human body is committed to earth after the death, where it turns into ashes. A human soul leaves the body and flies to the sky, where God judges it to go to either Paradise or Hell, according to the deeds on earth. As Gerard O’Daly states, Christian philosophers considered mind an integral part of the soul. Moreover, one of the famous Christian philosophers Augustine stated that soul was “the seat of mind and will”.

A human brain controls all actions and movements of the body and its organs. Thus, a brain analyzes all information received from sense organs and reacts according to it by the body. Moreover, it performs thought process and memorizing, but the human mind and will are situated in the soul. Of course, different persons have different mental abilities and minds. They have different wills and characters, but the human beings can impact each other and predict events in the future. The first prophet John the Forerunner is described in the Bible. Of course, atheists did not believe in him because they could not explain such a phenomenon as the prediction of events in the future. It lasted until one of the greatest well-known psychiatrist Wolf Messing emerged. As Tatiana Lungin states, Messing could predict events in the future, read thoughts of people, find missing people, tell fortunes, and treat people by hypnosis. As Wolf Messing told, he got this gift as the result of a miraculous vision in his childhood; he connected this vision with God. In 1940, Wolf Messing predicted Russian tanks to enter Berlin, when the notorious Molotov-Ribbentrop pact was continuing to have effect. It was a great sensation at that time, and nobody knew what to do with this information. In 1943, he predicted the Russian victory in World War II in May of 1945. It happened, when the Stalingrad Battle was continuing, and nobody could imagine the further development of the war. Moreover, Messing could predict a flight accident, saving the life of Stalin’s son. At the same time, Wolf Messing could not avert the accident. He knew, for example, the exact date of his wife’s death, as well as his own. Of course, Wolf Messing wrote down his observations and wanted them to be studied, but all his writings disappeared after his death. The Communist regime took them away from the Messing’s flat and tried to use the writings for the development of the skill to impact on minds of the people who lived in the Soviet Union.

The abovementioned facts show the actions of the human mind as a part of the soul. Of course, Wolf Messing could have known the quantity of German forces near Stalingrad to calculate the future development of the war, but nobody could show him maps of Operation Barbarossa and the future battles of World War II because they could not exist in 1940. Therefore, one has every opportunity to think that Wolf Messing saw pictures from the future while predicting historical events in 1940 and 1943. At the same time, he was unable to change them because the Supreme Mind or God did not allow doing it. As a matter of fact, the abovementioned events were programmed. In this case, Wolf Messing performed a function of the broadcaster of God’s will; he could see only what the Supreme Mind had allowed to see. As Lungin states, Wolf Messing could see the past of each person as well. One can think that Messing could read the past and future of somebody’s life like a book. Moreover, he could find unknown people missing in World War II. Wolf Messing called exact places where they had been alive or dead. Of course, he could not travel to places, located on the distances of several hundreds of miles without leaving the room. Moreover, it lasted for several minutes. Wolf Messing had never made mistakes. At the same time, he observed the rule, which he had heard in his vision in the childhood: not to do any harm to anybody.


Nowadays, such a phenomenon as hypnosis is studied. Wolf Messing possessed this skill, as well. Once, Stalin ordered Messing to go to the Kremlin from the Red Square without any document; he did it successfully. Moreover, nobody arrested Messing. Stalin was surprised and ordered to explain how Messing had managed to pass through his guardians without documents. Wolf Messing told how he used hypnosis instilling an idea into their heads that he was the first assistant of Stalin, Lavrenti Beria. It is an example that human beings can impact each other, installing various ideas into the mind. The scientists discovered the nature of telepathic hypnosis; it was not electromagnetic waves. Of course, some frequencies can cause panic or depression in human beings, but a person can give commands to fulfill some actions only by hypnosis. Moreover, scholars made discoveries how the certain word code could impact human beings. It set up neuro-linguistic programming of human beings. Moreover, some scholars studied the impact of the twenty-fifth frame on human beings. The abovementioned facts proved human beings to impact each other. They can make other persons submissive to their will, but their impact is limited. It is the next evidence that human beings have a free will, as Christian philosophers consider it. 

Some scholars consider negative and positive freedom. As Martin Heidegger states, “the full concept of negative freedom amounts to independence of men from world and God”. Of course, it creates various problems to those, who lived according to such freedom. At the same time, a famous philosopher Kant considers freedom, first of all, as an opportunity for self-determination to act freely. Of course, it is positive freedom because an individual did not contradict the laws of both God and world. As Heidegger states, freedom was considered the independence of will. At the same time, each individual should observe all Christian moral norms. As Friedrich Schelling states, Kant did not consider human’s inclinations as any evil (xvi). Each individual had a choice to act in moral way or otherwise; without this freedom, it was impossible to determine whether an individual committed a moral deed or the immoral one. Schelling claims, “The dream of mastering nature and thereby overcoming the meanness of our moral estate is underwritten by theodicy – absolute knowledge is possible… because thought and being are one” (xxvii). At the same time, Schelling recognizes the controversy of this statement by the reason that every philosopher could turn God into the tool, and according to it, human beings transform from their biological lives into “gods” after their deaths, which means to master nature. Of course, such an interpretation of the religious philosophy could cause a lot of tragic events, when human beings would want to became “gods” committing suicides, which contradicts the Christian ethics.   

After analyzing the philosophical meaning of human freedom, it is necessary to make a conclusion that human beings have a free will according to the belief in the existence of God. Each individual is free to act ordering by his or her consciousness. A person may believe or not in God, commit immoral deeds or crimes or not, posses his or her own opinion concerning particular events, persons, or realities. At the same time, each individual should observe moral norms and virtues, cherished by the humanity; they coincide with those written in the Bible. The human mind exists, and it is an integral part of the soul. After death, both mind and soul leave the dead body. Of course, brain and mind are two different notions distinguished by philosophers. Both will and mind are located in the soul. Having free will, human beings can impact each other, overmastering will of others, but, as a rule, it lasts not long. In addition, whatever a human being has done, all his deeds will be judged by God after the death.        


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