There are five questions that will be answered in this paper. 1. Determinism means that for every effect, event or occurrence in reality, a cause or causes exist. Is people’s fate determined by God, natural laws, history/culture, social status or psychological behavior? 2. Restitution is the act of somehow compensating a victim for harm or wrong doing. What should be the restitution for premeditated murder? 3. In order to set up a perfect moral society, free of immoral and unethical people, should a society be based on consequences or not? How can bad things be prevented from happening in a nonconsequential society? 4. It is an empirical fact that human beings are both feeling (emotional) and reasoning (rational) beings. How could people’s emotions be prevented from overriding their rational side in a perfect moral society? 5. Living together before getting married is common in today's society. Is it wrong/right to live together before marriage? What are some of the benefits/dangers of living together before marriage?
Keywords: consequences, moral, society, marriage.
1. Determinism means that every effect, event or occurrence in life, including every human decision and action, is the inevitable and reasonable result caused by antecedent states of affairs. Is people’s fate determined by God, natural laws, history, culture, social status or psychological behavior?
In my opinion, people’s fate, to a greater degree, is determined by God. However, while creating favorable or unfavorable circumstances in our life, He allows people to use their free will so that they would reap the consequences of their own choice. In most cases, people are the ones to choose what they want to do and, by that, determine their future.
However, in some cases God still intervenes in people’s life to protect them from unwise behavior and destructive actions. He uses other people, natural laws, circumstances and many other factors to protect people and keep them from negative effects.
2. Restitution is the act of somehow compensating a victim for harm or wrongdoing done against him/her. Murder is the ultimate wrongdoing against an individual because there is nothing that can be done any more to change it. What should be the restitution for premeditated murder?
Taking someone’s life is the worst offence that can be done against a human being. Every person is unique and can live his/her life only once. Regardless of when a person’s life is taken by way of premeditated murder – in childhood, in adulthood or in advanced age – it is still an outrageous crime and has to be dealt with severely.
There is no possible restitution for premeditated murder except that the murderer has to suffer severe punishment – he/she should be sent to prison for life. And if the murder is committed under aggravating circumstances the criminal should be punished by death. Death penalty will keep the majority of criminals from committing murder since they will know what awaits them if they take someone's life.
3. In order to set up a perfect moral society, free of immoral and unethical people, should it be based on consequences? What is the way to prevent bad things from happening in a non-consequential society? What are the ways to control people’s illegal behavior?
There are only two ways to prevent bad things from happening – with the help of healthy moral principles and the law. Mere law enforcement will produce some positive results but jails will be full of people who are not educated in good moral principles and, because of that, don't accept them. At the same time, people will tend to live by double standards – they will do the right things in public and will have a different life behind the facade.
It is also important to teach people the right moral principles from the early childhood so that they would follow them through their life. However, healthy moral principles alone will not work for everybody since some people will not want to follow them. That is where law enforcement should be used. Perpetrators should suffer some tangible consequences for major violations of the law. I don’t believe bad things can be prevented from happening in a non-consequential society.
4. It is an empirical fact that human beings are both feeling (emotional) and reasoning (rational) beings. When establishing a perfect moral society, how would people's emotions be prevented from overriding their rational side?
Some people are more emotional than rational, while other people are more rational. It is impossible to suppress people's emotions or prevent them form overriding people's rational side; however, it is possible to channel emotions into constructive activities. These are not emotions that have ruinous effects but the way they are expressed.
A perfect moral society would be the one that develops a technique to channel emotions into positive endeavors and also to allow the rational side of people to manifest. Emotions, in fact, are a positive factor. A nearly perfect moral society will be set up if they are vented constructively and give ground to the rational side to operate.
5. Living together before getting married is common in today's society. Is it wrong/right to live together before marriage? What are some of the benefits/dangers of living together before marriage?
People who live together before marriage explain it by the fact that they have no obligations to each other and can break up any time with no negative consequences. Another common explanation is that living together they can know one another better before they get married.
In my opinion, living together before marriage is wrong for many reasons. One of them is the moral side. It goes against all accepted moral principles for a man and a woman to live together. Another reason why cohabitation is not right is a psychological trauma that partners experience when they break up. One more reason is that living together often results in an unplanned pregnancy and men, in many cases, desert leaving women with children. Also living together produces no sense of obligation to each other and that later reflects on children. They may also have problematic families.