December 8, 2020 in History
Nelson Mandela


The paper seeks to provide a comprehensive summary and analysis of the occurrence of the civil rights movements in the society. The civil rights movements define the protest and civil riots which occurred in the U.S and Africa whereby the blacks were fighting to promote equality and freedom to all people within the society. The movements on civil rights for all Africa and blacks were of historical importance. The civil rights explain the protections offered to all people by regulations. Some of the civil rights, which the blacks were fighting for, included the right to freedom, right to movement and equality under the constitutional law. The movements were important in redefining the current conceptions of the civil rights and the functions of the government in supporting and developing the rights. Nelson Mandela was able to overcome the apartheid system, which had adverse impacts on the lives of the South Africans.

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Nelson Mandela and His Contributions in Civil Rights Movement

Nelson Mandela is a South African activist who was born in 1918 and later died in 2013. He is mainly recognized as one of the main advocates and activities, which helped in bringing an end to the apartheid in South Africa. His efforts were important also bringing about human rights and privileges across the world. Mandela was baptized in a Methodist church and went ahead to become the first persons to attend formal school in his family. Considering the influence of the British educational program in the country, the teacher of Mandela gave his a new name, Nelson. At the age of nine years, his father died from lung illness, which led to a drastic change in his life. After the death of his father, inherent Chief of Thembu adopted Mandela.

Being a son of a chief now, Mandela was able to enjoy the same and responsibilities of the chief position within the society. Within the support and training of the chief, Mandela was groomed to take on a high office as a counselor to the chief. Mandela was able to attend the Wesleyan mission school and college where he gained significant academic excellence due to his commitment to succeed. He also took part in other co-curricular activities including boxing and track events whereby his classmates were calling him a country boy regularly mocked him.

After completing high school education, he was admitted to University College of Fort Hare, which was the higher learning institution for Blacks where he pursued Law. He started his political career in University College after he was elected the Student Representative while in 2nd year. Students in the university strike demanding for equality that led to the resignation of Mandela since he supported the student actions. However, he was able to return to his position after the institution agreed to the students demands.

In the later 1940s, Mandela becomes a member of the African National Congress party, which was focused on conducting peaceful protests and resistant against the oppression of the white regime within the racially divided nation. His efforts and commitment got him into prison for close to three decades while making him the main force of the antiapartheid movement in South Africa and across the world. After his release in prison, Mandela was able to end apartheid and formed a diverse government, which was responsible for overseeing the transition of the country into a democratic republic. Even after relating from politics, Nelson Mandela remained a strong advocate for social justice and peace in South Africa and across the world.

Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for 27 years due to his advocacy efforts and programs to bring about equality and end slavery in South Africa. The core civil right movement, which was led by Nelson Mandela, was the fight against apartheid in South Africa. The apartheid system was a legal racial division and separation, which ruled over South Africa. In 1993, Nelson Mandela won the Nobel Peace Prize for his contributions in promoting equality and coexistence in South Africa.

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Nelson Mandela was involved in the efforts to sabotage the government due to their political views and ideas. With its members in the African National Congress (ANC) party was incarcerated due to their activities, which were aimed at overthrowing the incumbent government. In his release from Prison in 1990, Nelson Mandela was able to develop and represent a civil rights struggle, which caught attention all across the world. The actions of Nelson Mandela were aimed at advocating for the world, which is free from racial oppression and discrimination. His was also a great inspiration to the African Americans who viewed him as an example of social change and political growth and adjustments.

In his defiance campaign against the government, Mandela and Tambo formed a law firm, which was focused on offering free and low-cost legal assistance to poor blacks who sought for representation. With 150 other members of ANC, Mandela was arrested and was charged for inappropriate political advocacy, which amounted to treason. At first, Nelson Mandela believed in nonviolent advocacies, but in 1961 argued that armed fight and struggle was the only approach, which could help in achieving significant changes. He created an armed group commonly known as MK, which was dedicated to sabotaging the government and was involved in guerilla war strategies to eliminate the era of apartheid in South Africa.

Mandela relied on his nation love for sports to promote integration and reconciliation between the blacks and whites. For example, his sought for the support of the national rugby team from the blacks in South Africa. The hosting of the rugby world cup in 1995 was another important step in bringing about patriotism and recognition on the fresh nation. During his presidency, Mandela also fought to prevent the economy of South Africa from collapsing. The implementation of his reconstruction and development action was useful in the creation of jobs and provision of fundamental health care to the South Africans.

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In summary, the civil rights movements were influential in fighting against the racial oppression and discrimination of the blacks the world. In South Africa, Nelson Mandela was in the forefront fighting against the oppression apartheid regime led by the British colonies. Initially, Mandela advocated for peaceful protests, which angered the apartheid government. Later, Mandela advocate for armed protests and struggles to push the government to promote equality and freedom for all South Africans. Until his death, Mandela was still eager to fight for the rights and privileges of all minorities across the world. The civil rights movements were significant in redefining the conceptions relating to the civil rights and the functions of the government in supporting and developing the rights. The civil rights movements ended the day Nelson Mandela was elected to be the first black president of South Africa. The election of Mandela brought about peace and coexistence between the whites and blacks who were living in South Africa. Mandelas contribution in the first against separation brought to end the civil rights movements, which was recognized across the world. Today, slavery has ended across the African nations due to the rule of law and the power of democracy whereby all the citizens have a right to live and freedom of expression. Therefore, Nelson Mandela is still one of the most political figures who led successful civil rights movements against racial oppression and advocacy across the world.


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