Ruby-Back Dish with Phoenix is an object of design that belongs to Chinese art of Qing dynasty (1644-1911) of the 18th century. It is a visual artwork that is made of porcelain; it depicts overglazed family rose that is combined with animal decoration. The height of this piece of art is 3,6cm, and its diameter is 19,5 cm, so the size is quite small. However, the painter of this masterpiece managed to place many objects on it. Ruby-Back Dish with Phoenix can be characterized by artistic expression that is typical in Chinese art and ornament beauty that makes it brighter, more colorful, and distinguishable, as compared to other artwork. Moreover, this artwork is symbolic, as roses and Phoenix are the prototypes of Asian culture. Consequently, this object of design is the example of visual communication of the artist with the audience through this dramatic piece, its symbols, texture, scale, colors, and overall geometry.
The overall geometry of Ruby-Back Dish with Phoenix is typical in Chinese art. It has the saucer-shaped form that is characteristic for the old Chinese art. Its flattening of the rim makes it suitable to use the plate as a wall decoration. The decorations on the plate also reflect the overall geometry. It consists of three circular lines that separate the central painting from the additional ornaments. It means that the painter pays special attention to Phoenix and roses around it. The ornaments are arabesque and impressed. Ruby-Back Dish with Phoenix refers to Chinese pottery that could be used to eat rice in it, but also could be used as an interior decorating. The overall decoration of the plate can be described with the French term famille rose that usually consists of pink and purple colors. The characteristic features of the work are the following: universalism, simplicity, symbolic richness, abstraction, minimalism, and conceptualization.
As to hierarchy of elements, it is evident that the artist follows it accurately. Pink and green colors highly contrast against white ones, creating the feeling of naturalism and purity. Forms of these types of colors are typical in Chinese art and are always high in the visual hierarchy. Brown color diminishes the contrast between pink, green, and white. Consequently, these colors create the hierarchy to this piece of art. Moreover, the placement of plates objects is also hierarchical. As Phoenix is the most important, it is located in the center of the porcelain plate then surrounded by different flowers, and then other ornaments reinforce these groups of objects. The art object is deprived of such attributes as tints and shades, as porcelain artwork does not presuppose them. The texture of this object is natural and smooth.
As it was mentioned above, the prevailing colors here are pink, purple, green, white, red, blue, yellow, and brown. All the used colors are bright and create positive and pleasant visualization. These colors belong to famille rose enamel that enables the depiction of more complex images, such as flowers, birds, and ornaments. The purple color is dominating here and signifies royalty, immortality, and divinity. This color is the symbol of romance and love. The scale of this artwork is well-organized, creating the atmosphere happiness, luck, and joy. As white color is not less dominant, it means that purity is mostly emphasized by the painter. Ruby-Back Dish with Phoenix depicts water that is blue and signifies advancement, immortality, and spring. Green color adds the scale more harmony, cheerfulness, and joy. The scale of colors is light and optimistic.
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The texture of this porcelain plate is white, fine, glossy, and smooth. It is polishing and sparkling, which adds this artwork elevation, artistic richness, and decorative value. Porcelain is materiality that is characteristic for Chinese painting. Consequently, it is highly evaluated by Chinese artists. As Ruby-Back Dish with Phoenix to more contemporary art period, its porcelain should be of high quality.
Ruby-Back Dish with Phoenix is the Chinese artwork that is full of symbols. Phoenix means luck, happiness, grace, heavens favor, and virtue. Not without reason, it is in the center of this plate. Roses are associated with spring, new hopes, and life. Yellow flowers symbolize intelligence and reason. The combination of many flowers stands for the importance of many virtues. Consequently, one can conclude that the objects, depicted on the porcelain plate, are the symbols of luck and happiness. The combination of different objects and bright colors makes this artwork peaceful and calm. Moreover, one should say that the artist appreciated the depiction of natural objects. The gravity of this artwork is light and stable, that is pleasant to viewers eyes.
Ruby-Back Dish with Phoenix has a designs utilitarian value. First, people can use it as the decoration of their homes, as it was designed as a symbol of happiness, joy, and luck. Moreover, it can bring more coziness to the home decoration. Second, people can use it as a dish, and it can have more practical values. Moreover, they can present it as the symbol of luck and happiness. The conceptual underpinnings of this artwork are related to the Chinese culture that is rich in traditions, devoted to porcelain manufacturing and is full of symbols in colors and objects. The conceptual underpinnings of this artwork prove that the painter was the connoisseur of Chinese art and its symbols, as it took into consideration all these aspects. The style of this artwork is revealed with the help of painter method of drawing, pictorial composition, coloration, and narrative structure.
The historical significance of Ruby-Back Dish with Phoenix is also evident, as this artwork reveals the peculiarities of Chinese porcelain in the 18th century. Ruby-Back Dish with Phoenix can help to underline the characteristic features of art of this period.
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In conclusion, one should say that Ruby-Back Dish with Phoenix is the masterpiece of Chinese pottery that can be the visual communication between the artist and viewers. Every detail from the diversity of objects to colors proves the breadth of the porcelain pottery and depiction of every object, as a small and important painting with its own meaning and form. The dramatic piece, symbols, texture, scale, colors, and overall geometry distinguish Ruby-Back Dish with Phoenix from other Chinese artworks.